Kinds of Sentences with Examples
Definition: A group of meaningful words which gives complete sense is called a sentence.
e.g: this road leads to the supermarket.
Kinds of a sentence (construction-wise)
There are four kinds of sentences according to their construction.
- Simple sentences
- Compound sentences
- Complex sentences
- Compound complex sentences
1. Simple Sentences
A sentence with only one subject and one predicate is called a simple sentence.
- They play cricket in the playground.
- The sun sets in the west.
2. Compound Sentences
A compound sentence is made up of two or more main clauses joined together by a coordinating conjunction e.g. and, but, or, yet, for, so, nor. Each clause is called an independent clause (IC) because each could stand by itself as a complete sentence.
- Night came on and the room grew dark.
- He is rich, yet he is not happy.
- I slept late at night so I could not come to school on time..
3. Complex Sentences
A complex sentence is made up of a main clause and one or more subordinating clauses (SC) joined together by a subordinating conjunction. e.g. after, when, until, soon, before, once, while, as, if, since, now, although.
- The house in which we live is very fast.
- He went there because he was invited.
- you may go to school as soon as your work is done.
4. Compound – Complex Sentence
A compound-complex sentence is made up of one or more independent clauses and at least one dependent clause.
- Roney is in his class, but he’s the student because he can’t teach students.
This is a compound-complex sentence. It contains two independent clauses (Roney is in his class and he’s the student) and there is one dependent clause (because he can’t teach to students).
Kinds of sentences (Meaning Wise)
The following are the kinds of sentences according to their meanings:
1. Declarative or Assertive Sentences
“Declarative or Assertive Sentences,” tells us whether or not an activity or incident occurred. These sentences may be positive or negative.
These sentences have been subdivided into three kinds.
i. Affirmative Sentences
The sentences which give us positive statements are called “Affirmative sentences”.
- We have won the match.
- We read the newspaper every day.
- Adam bought mango yesterday.
ii. Negative Sentence
The sentences declaring negation for some task , description or fact are called ”Negative Sentences”.
- The sun does not rise in the west.
- We do not help the poor.
- He will not come to help me.
iii. Emphatic Sentences
A sentence that expresses something forcibly is called an “Emphatic Sentence.”
- They shall come here.
- She did go to school.
- I do not take part in this play.
2. Interrogative Sentences
A sentence in which a question is asked is called an ”Interrogative Sentences.”
- Does the sun rise in the east?
- Do you respect your elders?
- Have you read this novel?
- Why are you knocking at the door?
3. Imperative Sentences
A sentence that indicates a command, a request, entreaty or suggestion, is called an “Imperative Sentence.”
- Sit down!
- Come here!
- Zahid, do your duty.
- Polish my shoes.
- Go and fetch a glass of water for me.
4. Exclamatory Sentences
A sentence that expresses some strong but sudden feelings or sentiments (sadness, happiness, surprise), is called an “Exclamatory Sentence.”
- How foolish you are!
- How beautiful this flower is!
- Alas! My watch is lost in the forest.
- Hurrah! We have won the match.
- Wao! How wonderful this scene was!
5. Optative Sentences
A sentence that expresses a wish, hope or desire, is called an “Optative Sentence.”
- Would that I were rich!
- May God help you in this matter!
- May you get well soon!
- Hope you will be wealthy in some years!
Hopefully, your concept about Kinds of Sentences is clear now, This lecture is part of the whole series of English Grammar by Miss Nabila Gulzar, For Other Lectures Click Here also We have an Essay on every topic, Check the complete list here. If you are Studying in Matric Free Video Lectures of Maths, Physics and English are here, and we have got you covered for I.COM Business Maths also.