Unit 1.1

Unit 1.1 Reading Comprehension

Exercise 1

Read the text and tick (✓) the correct answer.

  1. The text is about
  1.  The Battles of Islam
  2. The family of Prophet Muhammad S.A.W
  3. The Migration and teaching of Prophet Muhammad S.A.W
  4. The Last Pilgrimage

2. Which of the following message is mentioned in the last Sermon, as given in the text 

  1. People should not hurt others
  2. Both men and women have rights over each other
  3. Muslims are a part of one brotherhood.
  4. All of the above

Exercise 2 and 3

AncestorForefatherMy ancestors came to Pakistan in 1947.
ProhibitedBannedDrinking alcohol is prohibited in Islam
BewareBe alert to risk or dangerBeware of dishonest traders in The tourist areas.
MeritocracyGiving award and position to people according to their capability and performanceThe school honours club was meritocracy where the leaders were chosen on their achievements.
MigrateRelocate / MoveHe migrates from Karachi to Islamabad during each winter.
AllianceUnionGermany made an alliance with Italy.
SuperioritySupremacyAn Arab has no superiority over non Arab.
PrinciplePreposition/ ConceptHe was a man of principle and good to his word.
AggressiveLikely to attackHe has a very aggressive nature.
UnifiedMake or become unitedThe couple made a unified decision to buy a house.
PietyDevotion / ObedienceMr Khan’s genuine piety was well known.
HypocritesPerson pretend to have virtueHe is such a hypocrite he never practices what he preaches.
ConsolidatedMake something physically strongerThe two companies consolidated for great efficiency.
LegitimateLegal / LawfulHe had a legitimate reason for being late.
PagansA person who worship many godsPagans are people who worship many gods and goddesses.
AstrayAway from the correct pathBetter to ask the way than go astray.
EquitableFair / ImpartialWe need a more equitable tax system.
HarmonyBalanceThe couple lives in perfect harmony

Exercise 4

Read the text and answer the following questions by circling the right answer.

1. How did the Quraish treat the Holy Prophet (S.A.W) They?

a.  favoured him.

b.  opposed him.

c.  loved him.

d.  criticized him.

2. When did the Holy Prophet (S.A.W) migrate to Madina?

a.  620 A.D.

b.  621 A.D.

c.  622 A.D.

d.  623 A.D.

3. When the Holy Prophet (S.A.W) settled in Madina, which of the following groups of people lived there?

a.  Muslims and Jews

b.  Muslims, pagans and Jews

c.  Muslims, pagans, hypocrites and Jews

d.  Muslims, hypocrites and Jews

4. Where did the Holy Prophet (S.A.W) deliver his last sermon?

a.  Quba mosque

b.  Uranah valley

c.  Jabal-e- Rehmat

d.  Hudebia

5. When did the Holy Prophet (S.A.W) perform his last Hajj?

a.    06th year of Hijra

b.    08th year of Hijra

c.    10th year of Hijra

d.    12′ year of Hijra

Exercise 5

Read the text and find out whether the statements are right or wrong. Tick the appropriate column. One has been done for you as an example.

1.The mission of the Prophet (S.A.W) continued for 23 years.
2. All the Quraish refused to accept Islam.
3. The City of Yathrib was less than 320 miles away from Makkah.
4. The  Holy Prophet  (S.A.W) decided to build  a mosque at a place outside Yathrib before entering the city.
5. Today, Yathrib is called Madinat an-Nabi.
6. The people of  Madina  agreed that  Prophet Muhammad (S.A.W) should settle their disputes.
7. The Holy Prophet (S.A.W) addressed such a large gathering of Muslims for the last time at Arafat.
8.Islam has different laws for the black and for the white people.
9. All human beings are children of Adam and Adam was created from dust
10. Only the people who heard the last sermon were supposed to follow it.

Exercise 6

The table on next page has messages from the Last Sermon of the Holy Prophet (S.A.W). The first part of the sentence is given in column A and the second part is given in column B, in a jumbled order. Read the text, match the part in column A with the correct part in column B and write the answer in column C. The first one has been done for you as an example

No.Column AColumn BC.
1. Only  those  people  were superiora) to the people to whom they belong.1. f
2. All Muslims were tied to each otherb) that were based on blood and wealth were useless.2. g
3. The only thing that made one person better than the otherc) you may get hurt in return3. j
4.No  Muslim had a right   to things belonging to                other Muslimsd) have  rights over each other.4. i
5. Satan will try to misguide you in small matterse) as a sacred trust.5. h
6. Therefore, all claims            to superiorityf) who led a righteous life.6.b
7. Return all things kept with you in trustg) in the bond of brotherhood.7. a
8. Both men and womenh) so be careful.8. d
9. If you will hurt othersi) unless they gave these of their own free will.9. c
10.Consider the life and property of every Muslimj) was the  goodness with which they led their lives.10. e

Exercise 7

Work in pairs and complete the following statements. Write the complete sentences in your notebook.

1. Most of the Quraish refused to accept Islam because they thought that the Holy Prophet (S.A.W) was against their gods and their ancestor

2. The day the Prophet Muhammad entered Yathrib, marks the start of Islamic Calender

3. The Holy Prophet (S.A.W) invited the leaders of all the communities living in Madina to discuss this matter ( matter of peace and harmony of Madina )

4. The three main points of the Charter of Madina were To maintain peace and security of Madina , Freedom of religion was given, Rights & duties were prescribed for muslims and jews

5. In order to strengthen the position of the Muslims in Madina, the Holy Prophet (S.A.W) took three major steps, which were he unified all arab tribes, he carried out social & religious reform, Administrative development

6. The farewell pilgrimage of the Holy Prophet (S.A.W) is an important event for the Muslims because it was the first and last pligrimage made by Holy Prophet

7. The Holy Prophet (S.A.W) asked the people in the gathering to listen carefully as they could inform the message those who were not present there

8. The Muslims can ensure that all people get their fair share by honesty, justice and meritocracy

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