Unit 1.2

Unit 1.2 Listening and Speaking

Exercise 1

All students must listen to what others are saying and participate fully in the discussion.

Step: A
  • Work in groups of 4-5, as instructed by the teacher.
  • Discuss one of the topics from the list given below, as assigned by the teacher.
  • Select two members from the group who should note all the points discussed.
  • Make sure that everyone takes part in the discussion.

1. Some unfair means that students use in exams

2. Reasons for using unfair means in exams

3. Impact of using unfair means in exams on students’ performance

4. Effect of using unfair means on the future of students

Step: B
  • Prepare a presentation that your group will make.
  • Compile all the ideas that the group discussed.
  • Decide which member of the group will say what. Also decide the order in which all the members will speak.
Step: C

At the end of their presentation, each group should ask the class to suggest any point that they might have missed.

• The note takers should note these points.

• Collect all the data and prepare a talk for giving in the assembly, to discourage use of unfair means during exams.

Some unfair means that students use in exams

Unfair means in the examination does not simply mean copying from books or journals. Answer-script is submitted from outside the hall. Leaking of question paper before the exam, changing answer books, wrongdoing in the examination centre, approaching invigilators, making false entries in award list/ examination registers and issuing the fake certificate or degrees etc. 

Reasons for using unfair means in exams

Fear of Failure:

The fear of failure is one of the top reason for the students to cheat in exams. Students anticipate a lot of problems if they fail the exams. Their fear dwells in their parents, complain about bad grades, their friends mocking and a possible dark future too. They get stressed and the end result is cheating in exams. 

Lack of Ability: 

There are few students who have no capability of taking up the challenge of exams. Low self-esteem and the lack of self-confidence cause them to use unfair means in exams. Instead of studying hard and paying attention to classes, 

Lack of Interest: 

There are some students who have no interest in studies at all. They find it useless as they know that they are going to take over their father’s business or going to follow traditional family business after their studies. So for them, school is just a formality. They find no need to study and cheating seems to be an easy way out for them.

Availability of Sources: 

Technology and money facilitated cheating tools in the form of elements such as ex-students, teachers, examiners, invigilators, examination staff and outside elements. They are readily available either due to money or otherwise.


Some students come from poor families and they work too many hours in paid employment to cope with schoolwork. They can either study or work so an easy way out is using unfair means during the exams.

Good Grades:

Some students are ambitious and want good grades at all cost to get admissions in reputed college or university. Though many of them are bright students, they want to leave no chance to top. The temptation to get the coveted admission or scholarships leads them to use unfair means in exams.

Impact and effect of using unfair means in exams on students performance and future

It can be said that the using of unfair means during the examination is a great offence. It destroys not only the noble aim of education but also the dignity of the nation because today’s students are the instructors of tomorrow’s nation. 

Using unfair means in exams would spoil their future individually, they would end in depression. So, to conduct the nation effectively the students must be educated and competent. But without giving up the tendency of adopting unfair means, they will totally be failed in the task.

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Unit 1.1