Pronoun and Kinds of Pronoun

Pronoun and Kinds of Pronoun

Pronoun and Kinds of Pronoun

Pronoun

A word which is used in place of a noun is called a pronoun.

For example; I, We, He, You, This, Who, It, etc.

There are nine kinds of pronouns.

  1. Personal Pronouns
  2. Demonstrative Pronoun
  3. Distributive Pronouns
  4. Exclamatory Pronouns
  5. Interrogative Pronoun
  6. Indefinite Pronoun
  7. Possessive Pronoun
  8. Relative Pronouns
  9. Reflexive and Emphatic Pronouns

There is a brief detail of all these kinds.

1. Personal Pronoun

Pronouns used for persons are called ‘’Personal Pronouns”.

There are three classes of personal pronouns.

1. First person

2. Second person

3. Third person

1. First person

A pronoun used for the person speaking is called the ”First Person”. e.g. I, we.

2. Second person

A pronoun used for the person spoken to is called the “Second Person”. e.g. you.

3. Third person

A pronoun used for the person spoken about is called the “Third Person”.  e.g. he, she, it, they.

Here is a chart of personal pronouns with possessive, reflexive and objective cases of pronoun.

Subjective CaseItselfSubjective CasePossessive caseReflexive caseObjective case
1st person – IMy, mineMyselfMe
1st person – We Our, oursOurselvesUs
2nd Person – YouYour, yoursYourselfYou
3rd Person – HeHisHimselfHim
3rd Person – SheHer, hersHerselfHer
3rd Person – ItItsItselfIt
3rd Person – TheyTheir, theirsThemselvesThem

2. Demonstrative Pronoun

“This”, “That”, “Those” and “These” are used as ‘Demonstrative Pronouns’.

Demonstrative pronouns replace nouns already mentioned. As;

1. I Like this.

2. These are merely excuses.

3. Multani Mangoes are better than those of Lahore.

3. Distributive Pronouns

‘Distributive Pronouns’ refers to person or things one at a time; as:

Each, neither, one another, etc.

1. Each of them got the prize.

2. Either of you can go.

3. Neither of the accusations is true.

4. Exclamatory Pronouns

The pronoun which is used for expressing surprise is known as ‘Exclamatory pronoun’; as:

1. How beautiful the flower is!

2. What the strong boy is he!

3. What a cool breeze is blowing here!

5. Interrogative Pronoun

Who, whom, whose, are called ‘Interrogative pronouns’ because they introduce question; as:

1. Who gave you this pen?

2. To whom are you inviting?

3. Whose is this pen?

6. Indefinite Pronoun

All, some, many, few, everybody, etc. are called ‘Indefinite pronoun’ because they refer to persons or things in general rather than in particular, as;

1. None of them agree with me.

2. Do good to others.

3. Is there anybody in?

7. Possessive Pronoun

These pronouns are used to show possession. All possessive cases of personal pronouns are including in possessive pronouns; as:

1. This watch is mine.

2. This house is theirs.

3. These books are yours.

8. Relative Pronouns

Who, whom, which, that, etc. are called ‘ ‘Relative Pronouns’’ because they relate to some word in the main clause. The word to which the relative pronoun relates is called the ‘Antecedent’; as:

1. The man who sits in front of me is the observer.

2. I have found the book which was lost.

3. This is the girl whom all praise.

Agreement of the Relative Pronoun and Its Antecedent

As the Relative Pronoun refers to a ‘Noun’ or a ‘Pronoun’ it must be of the same number and person as its antecedent.

1. The boy who was lazy was punished.

2. The flowers which grow in our gardens are not for sale.

9.  Reflexive and Emphatic Pronouns

Myself, yourself, himself, ourselves, themselves, etc. are called Reflexive Pronouns; when the action done by the Subject turns back upon the Subject. As;

1. Sara hurt herself.

2. They beat themselves.

3. I’ll do it myself.

4. He himself said so.

5. You yourself can explain it.

For in -depth understanding of Pronoun checkout Introduction of Pronouns and Common Error in the use of the Personal Pronoun.

Hopefully, your concept about Pronoun and Kinds of Pronoun is clear now, This lecture is part of the whole series of English Grammar by Miss Nabila Gulzar, For Other Lectures Click Here also We have an Essay on every topic, Check the complete list here. If you are Studying in Matric Free Video Lectures of MathsPhysics and English are here, and if we got you covered for I.COM Business Maths also. 

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