What is an Adjective?
An adjective is a word that qualifies or tells more about a noun or a pronoun.
Such as: Good people, careful girl, tall tree.
- Saleem is a careful student.
- The cat is a good pet.
- There are many tall trees in this garden.
In these examples, the underlined words careful and good are adjectives which tell us more about the nouns i.e Saleem and Cat.
Kinds of Adjective
Adjectives are of the following nine kinds.
- Adjective of Quality
- Adjective of Quantity
- Demonstrative Adjective
- Emphasizing Adjective
- Exclamatory Adjective
- Interrogative Adjective
- Numeral Adjective
- Proper Adjective
- Possessive Adjective
Let’s discuss all of these kinds in detail.
1. Adjective of Quality
It shows the quality or kind of a person, place or a thing.
- New York is a big city in America.
- The foolish crow tried to sing.
In these examples big is showing the quality of place i.e, America and foolish is showing the quality of a noun i.e, crow.
2. Adjective of Quantity
It shows how much of a thing is meant.
- There are a few papers on a table.
- It is not sufficient water.
In these examples, a few and sufficient are adjectives of quantity as they are s telling more about papers and water as well.
3. Demonstrative Adjective
It points out which person or thing is meant.
- This flower is lovely.
- I hate such things.
- Those flowers smell sweetly.
4. Emphasizing Adjective
It lays stress on some nouns.
- She saw it with her own eyes.
- Hard work is the very reason for his success.
- She must obey her teachers.
5. Exclamatory Adjective
Sometimes “what” is used as an exclamatory adjective.
- What a splendid building!
- What a wonderful invention!
- What beautiful scenery!
6. Interrogative Adjective
What, which, and whose are used with nouns to ask questions. Therefore they are called interrogative adjectives.
- Which thing should we buy from the market?
- Whose book is this?
- What is she doing in the fun fair?
7. Numeral Adjective
It shows how many persons or things are meant; or in what order a thing or person stands.
- All men must die.
- Monday is the first day of the week.
- Some of my friends are absent today from school.
Number Adjectives are of two kinds:
(a) Definite Adjective
They include cardinals (one, two, three, four….) and ordinals (first, second, third, fourth…….)
(b) Indefinite Numeral Adjective
They do not denote an exact number; as’ (all. Many, some, several, some, few, etc)
8. Proper Adjective
These adjectives are formed from proper nouns.
|Proper nouns||Proper adjectives|
9. Possessive Adjective
Possessive pronouns are also called possessive adjectives.
- She has ruined her health by using drugs.
- He likes his story books collection.
- Karachi is a big city of pakistan.
Comparison of Adjective
The degree of comparison are three in number:
|First Degree||Second Degree||Third Degree|
|Positive Degree||Comparative Degree||Superlative Degree|
A positive degree simply shows the quality of a person or thing; as,
- Hamid is an intelligent boy.
- She is a beautiful lady.
- He is a wise old man.
A comparative degree gives the comparison between two nouns; as,
- Hamid is wiser than Ali.
- She is more beautiful than her sister.
- He is stronger than his brother.
Superlative degree shows the comparison of more than two persons or things; as,
- He is the most brave boy of his class.
- He is the tallest boy in his family.
- She has the most unique memory.
Hopefully, your concept about Adjective, their kinds, and Comparison is clear now, This lecture is part of the whole series of English Grammar by Miss Nabila Gulzar, For Other Lectures Click Here also We have an Essay on every topic, Check the complete list here. If you are Studying in Matric Free Video Lectures on Maths, Physics and English are here, and we got you covered for I.COM Business Maths also.