What is an Adjective

What is an Adjective

What is an Adjective?

An adjective is a word that qualifies or tells more about a noun or a pronoun.
Such as: Good people, careful girl, tall tree.

For Example:

  1. Saleem is a careful student.
  2. The cat is a good pet.
  3. There are many tall trees in this garden.

Note:

In these examples, the underlined words careful and good are adjectives which tell us more about the nouns i.e Saleem and Cat.

Kinds of Adjective

Adjectives are of the following nine kinds.

  1. Adjective of Quality
  2. Adjective of Quantity
  3. Demonstrative Adjective
  4. Emphasizing Adjective
  5. Exclamatory Adjective
  6. Interrogative Adjective
  7. Numeral Adjective
  8. Proper Adjective
  9. Possessive Adjective

Let’s discuss all of these kinds in detail.

1. Adjective of Quality

It shows the quality or kind of a person, place or a thing.

For Example:

  1. New York is a big city in America.
  2. The foolish crow tried to sing.

Note:

In these examples big is showing the quality of place i.e, America and foolish is showing the quality of a noun i.e, crow.

2. Adjective of Quantity

It shows how much of a thing is meant.

For Example:

  1. There are a few papers on a table.
  2. It is not sufficient water.

 Note:

In these examples, a few and sufficient are adjectives of quantity as they are s telling more about papers and water as well.

3. Demonstrative Adjective

It points out which person or thing is meant.

For Example:

  1. This flower is lovely.
  2. I hate such things.
  3. Those flowers smell sweetly.

4. Emphasizing Adjective

It lays stress on some nouns.

For Example:

  1. She saw it with her own eyes.
  2. Hard work is the very reason for his success.
  3. She must obey her teachers.

5. Exclamatory Adjective

Sometimes “what” is used as an exclamatory adjective.

For Example:

  1. What a splendid building!
  2. What a wonderful invention!
  3. What beautiful scenery!

6. Interrogative Adjective

What, which, and whose are used with nouns to ask questions. Therefore they are called interrogative adjectives.

For Example:

  1. Which thing should we buy from the market?
  2. Whose book is this?
  3. What is she doing in the fun fair?

7. Numeral Adjective

It shows how many persons or things are meant; or in what order a thing or person stands.

For Example:

  1. All men must die.
  2. Monday is the first day of the week.
  3. Some of my friends are absent today from school.

Number Adjectives are of two kinds:

(a) Definite Adjective

They include cardinals (one, two, three, four….) and ordinals (first, second, third, fourth…….)

(b) Indefinite Numeral Adjective

They do not denote an exact number; as’ (all. Many, some, several, some, few, etc)

8. Proper Adjective

These adjectives are formed from proper nouns.

For Example:

Proper nounsProper adjectives
ArabArabians
PakistanPakistani
ChinaChinese
PunjabPunjabians
JapanJapanese

9. Possessive Adjective

 Possessive pronouns  are also called possessive adjectives.

For Example:

  1. She has ruined her health by using drugs.
  2. He likes his story books collection.
  3. Karachi is a big city of pakistan.

Comparison of Adjective

The degree of comparison are three in number:

First DegreeSecond DegreeThird Degree
Positive DegreeComparative DegreeSuperlative Degree

A positive degree simply shows the quality of a person or thing; as,

  1. Hamid is an intelligent boy.
  2. She is a beautiful lady.
  3. He is a wise old man.

A comparative degree gives the comparison between two nouns; as,

  1. Hamid is wiser than Ali.
  2. She is more beautiful than her sister.
  3. He is stronger than his brother.

Superlative degree shows the comparison of more than two persons or things; as,

  1. He is the most brave boy of his class.
  2. He is the tallest boy in his family.
  3. She has the most unique memory.

Hopefully, your concept about Adjective, their kinds, and Comparison is clear now, This lecture is part of the whole series of English Grammar by Miss Nabila Gulzar, For Other Lectures Click Here also We have an Essay on every topic, Check the complete list here. If you are Studying in Matric Free Video Lectures on MathsPhysics and English are here, and we got you covered for I.COM Business Maths also. 

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