# Net Income

## What is Net Income

Net income is the amount earned by an individual or corporation after subtracting costs, allowances, and taxes.

In business, net income is the amount of money left over after deducting all expenditures, such as salaries and wages, the cost of goods or raw materials, and taxes.

Net income is a person’s “take-home” pay after taxes, health insurance, and retirement payments are deducted. To be indicative of financial health, net income should ideally be larger than spending.

Net income is the bottom line on the income statement. Some income statements, however, will contain a separate section at the bottom that reconciles beginning retained profits with ending retained earnings through net income and dividends.

### Net Income Formula

Net income is the entire earnings of your firm after subtracting all business expenditures. Net income is also known as net earnings, net profit, or simply your “bottom line”.   It is the amount of money available to pay dividends to shareholders, invest in new projects or equipment, pay off debts, or store for future use.

The formula for computing net income is as follows:

Net Income = Revenue – Cost of Goods Sold – Expenses

The first part of the formula is also the gross income formula: revenue less cost of goods sold.

In other words, the net income formula is:

Net Income = Gross Income – Expenses

To keep things simple, you can write the net income formula as:

Net Income = Total Revenues – Total Expenses

The net income might be either positive or negative. When your company’s sales exceed its costs, you have a positive net income. You have a negative net income, also known as a net loss if your entire costs exceed your total revenues.

Using the method above, you can calculate your firm’s net income for any time period: yearly, quarterly, or monthly whatever works best for your organization.

### Net Income Calculation

Begin with the sales revenue to compute net income. Deduct the cost of goods sold, operational expenses, non-operating expenses, and taxes. Non-sales revenue, such as interest on assets, should be included.

Here’s a breakdown of how net income is calculated:

Sales or revenue

− Cost of goods sold

= Gross income

− Operating expenses

= Operating income

− Non-operating expense

= Gross income minus expenses

+ Non-operating income

= Net income before taxes and interest

− Taxes

= Net income

Here are the stages in further depth:

• To begin, compute gross income by deducting the COGS from the revenue from sales. The amount earned by the firm for its products or services is represented as revenue. COGS comprises any costs directly involved with the creation of the product or service.
• To calculate operational income, calculate operating expenses and deduct them from gross income. Administrative costs like as salary of non-production workers, rent, utilities, research and marketing, depreciation, and amortization of capital are examples of operating expenses.
• Non-operating expenses are those that are not tied to product manufacturing or operations. Interest paid is a common non-operating expense.
• Include any non-operating revenue. This is any money that is not earned through the sale of goods or services. Dividends and interest paid to the corporation are two examples.
• Subtract taxes to arrive at net income.

### Importance of Net Income

Other indicators, such as net profit margin and operating cash flow, are calculated using net income. When evaluating a business loan application, banks analyze net income, the same as investors do when determining whether to invest in a firm.

Companies utilize the net income to compute earnings per share (EPS), a popular profitability statistic, in order to report to shareholders, venture capitalists, and other investors.

Net income is also used to compute net profit margin, which is net income as a proportion of revenue. This metric depicts how much income is turned to real profit after expenditures are deducted.

Companies that are more efficient have bigger percentages or margins. However, this will differ depending on the industry.

Accounting software for businesses makes it easy to produce reports and access real-time data. And management accounting procedures can expand on such data. As your firm faces new difficulties or possibilities for development, make smarter, more strategic business decisions.

### Net Income Vs Gross Income

Net income is the profit your company makes after deducting expenditures and permitted deductions. The entire amount you make (usually over the course of a year) before costs is referred to as your gross income. Consider it your profit from the services you provide—the total of all your customer billings before any deductions, taxes, or withholding.

### Net Income Vs Operating Income

Operating income is defined as revenue minus any operating expenditures, whereas net income is defined as operating income less any additional non-operating expenses such as interest and taxes.

### Net Income Vs. Retained Earnings

Your net income is the amount left over at the end of the month after deducting your operational expenditures from your revenue. Retained earnings are the portion of your net income that remains after dividends and beginning retained earnings have been deducted.

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